Sarawak is territorially the largest state in Malaysia covering some 124,500 sq km, it has a coast stretching over 750 km overlooking the South China Sea and a diverse population of 2.07 million across more than 40 ethnic groups.
The Kuching Waterfront on the Sarawak river is a major tourist attraction for the city with its picturesque esplanade and wonderful magenta sunsets.
Another name Sarawak is known by is 'The Land Of The Hornbill' whose habitat is the diverse and abundant Sarawakan rainforests, some of the more noteworthy neighbours of the Hornbill are the Proboscis monkey, the hairy-nosed otter, the flying lemur, the silver-leaf monkey and Orang Utan.
The Gunung Mulu National Park is home to the largest limestone cave system in the world with some record breaking caves including the worlds largest cave passage (Deer Cave), the worlds largest natural chamber (Sarawak Chamber), and the longest cave in Southeast Asia (Clearwater Cave).
Unsurprisingly Mulu is now world famous and still it has not been fully explored, over 200km of cave passages have been surveyed so far but this is thought to represent just 30-40% of the actual total.
National parks, wildlife sanctuaries and nature reserves have also been set up to help preserve all precious wildlife species.
The land of the hornbill protects its wildlife as keenly as it protects the rainforests, the Wild Life Protection Ordinance 1998 enables the Sarawak Forestry Department to enforce the protection and management of wildlife and wildlife habitat in Sarawak.
The diverse plant life of Borneo is estimated to amount to between 12,000 and 15,000 species, of these 40-50% are indigenous to Borneo with up to 80% of the endemic species occurring in either Sarawak or Sabah.
To help conserve the forests 6 million hectares have been zoned as the Permanent Forest Estate which is meant for sustainable forest management and 1 million hectares are designated as a Totally Protected Area.
Almost 80% of Sarawak is covered by forest including natural as well as secondary forests with the remaining land under settlements, towns, agricultural crop cultivation and native customary land rights.
After the Allied forces routed the Japanese in 1946 Sarawak was ceded to the British until its independence as part of Malaysia in 1963.
In 1841 the British adventurer James Brookes sailed to Borneo to discover the Brunei Sultanate struggling to suppress an uprising, after agreeing to quell the uprising Brookes was made the Rajah of Sarawak and 3 generations of his family ruled Sarawak as the white rajahs until the Japanese signalled their demise in 1941.
History buffs will note Sarawaks' romantic and unlikely history including a period of 100 years rule under the White Rajahs of the Brookes family.
Indeed the river network is so extensive in Sarawak that even to this day it is viewed by some as the backbone of the transportation network.
Kuching is home to over 650,000 Sarawakians who are fortunate to live in this atmospheric and totally charming city.
Fondly known as the Cat City (Kuching literally translates as cat) Kuching is dissected by the meandering Sarawak River that is still a major thoroughfare transporting people up, down and across the majestic waterway.
Sarawak is dominated by both lowland and highland deep forestation and because the coastal regions are mainly swamp land the major ports like Kuching the state capital and Sibu have been built inland on major rivers away from the coast.
Land Of The Hornbill
Sarawak National Parks
Selamat Datang Ke Bumi Kenyalang
Welcome To Sarawak
The Land Of The Hornbill
Travel To Sarawak - The Land Of The Hornbill
Travel to Sarawak and find Kuching is the largest city on the island of Borneo and the fourth largest in Malaysia.
Sarawak is known as the land of many rivers and 55 of them are navigable rivers with a combined length of 3,300 km including the Rejang river which at 567 km is the longest river in Malaysia.
Kuching actually goes one step further as it is reputed to be the cleanest city in Malaysia as many happy visitors have testified.